University of Medical Sciences, Ondo City, Ondo State, Nigeria.

UNIMED

  1. Conducive and equipped surgical laboratory
  2. Matriculation: From Right The Registrar, VC, Governor, Wife of the Governor and Chairman Governing Council
  3. Prof OO Akinkugbe, Wife of the Governor, the Governor and Vice Chancellor
  4. Procession of Visiting Vice Chancellors
  5. Matriculating Students
  6. Procession of Principal Officers of the University

PHYLOSOPHY DEGREE PROGRAMME AND REQUIREMENTS

DEGREE PROGRAMME AND REQUIREMENTS

The degree programme will last three years for direct entry students and four years for students admitted through JAMB. To be eligible for admission to a degree of B.Sc. in Physiology, a candidate should have:
a. Satisfied the normal University requirements
b. Satisfied the approved school of Basic Medical Science requirements in respect of workload, registration of courses and programme duration.
c. Satisfied the departmental requirements as contained in the four year degree programme.

COURSE CREDIT AND WORKLOAD
a. The curriculum for B.Sc. programme shall extend over eight semesters.
b. Instructions shall be by courses. Students will be required to take an approved combination of such courses determined by senate from time to time based on Faculty recommendation.
c. Courses shall be evaluated in terms of course credits. A course credit is defined as a series of lectures/tutorials of one to three hours per week lasting a semester or a three-hour practical class per week or an equivalent amount of study or any combination of these.
d. There shall be four levels of courses.
e. The minimum number of course credits for each level of the degree programme is specified under the guidelines for each subjects.

f. All courses taught during each semester shall be examined at the end of that semester and candidates will be credited with the number of course credit assigned to the courses which they have passed.
g. The total number of credits taken along with the grades obtained in each course shall also be recorded for the purpose of computing the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA).
h. The weighted grade point of all courses taken shall be used for the determination of the class of degree. Students shall normally be required to register for a prescribed minimum number of credits in each academic year. The number of such credit units shall be approved by senate on the recommendation of the Faculty Board.
i. The minimum number of credits for the award of B.Sc. degree shall be 130 including GES credits (for a four-year course) and 100 for the direct entry (for a three-year course).
j. The minimum number of credits required to remain in the faculty and to move to the next level is 22 credits (including GES courses) whilst the minimum number of credits required to remain in the faculty on probation is 11 credits.
k. The degree shall be awarded with honours provided a student obtains a Cumulative Grade Point Average that is not less than 1.5 and satisfied other minimum honours requirements.
l. The normal number of semester for B.Sc. Physiology programme shall be eight. A student who attains a CGPA of less than1.5 will be on probation and will have to first register for the backlog of courses before he can be allowed to register for other courses within the upper limit of 24 credit units.
m. A student who transfers from one programme to another or from another university may be allowed to carry the already earned credit units which are relevant to the curriculum of the new programme.
n. The maximum number of semester for a B.Sc. programme shall be twelve. Candidates admitted through the direct entry mode shall have only two semesters short of the candidates admitted through the UTME mode.
GRADING SYSTEM
Student’s performance on a course at all levels will be recorded in letter grades (after due conversion from percentage scores) and grade points as follows:

% scoresGrades Grade Points (GP)
70– 100 A5
60 – 69 B4
50 – 59 C3
45 – 49 D2
0 – 44 F0

For the undergraduate B.Sc. programme, the pass mark for examination will normally be 45%. A student is required to obtain a minimum grade of ‘D’ for each examination taken. A student would have to repeat a course in which he failed to obtain a minimum pass grade so as to be used in the computation of the CGPA.

CLASSIFICATION OF DEGREE The classification of the degree of B.Sc. programme shall be determined by the CGPA earned by the students.

Class of DegreeCGPA
Ist Class Honours4.50 – 5.00
2nd Class Honours (Upper division)3.50 – 4. 49
2nd Class Honours (Lower division)2.40 – 3.49
3rd Class Honours1.50 – 2.39

CALCULATION OF CGPA In order to obtain the CGPA of a candidate, the appropriate index (Grade Point) assigned to each range of numerical marks is multiplied by the course credit unit and the products added up to give the total weighted grade points. This total is divided by the total number of course credit units taken (Passed or Failed). CGPA shall be expressed correct to one decimal place.

Example: Consider a student with the following set of scores at the end of 100 level.
Courses takenCreditsMarks (%) GPCGP (credit x GP)
CHM 111 3 60 412
CHM 113 3 75 515
PHY 111 3 70 515
PHY 113 3 78 515
BIO 111 3 56 39
ZOO 111 4 65 416
GES 111 2 68 48
GES 112 2 72 510
MTH 111 2 72 510
CHM 122 3 70 515
CHM 124 3 75 515
PHY 109 2 60 48
PHY 124 4 78 520
BIO 122 3 76 515

ZOO 122 4 72 5 20
GES 121 2 69 4 8
GES 122 2 75 5 10
GES 123 2 74 5 10
Cumulative 50 231
CGPA = 231/50 = 4.6 (one decimal place)

All the CGP from 100 – 400 level (for a four-year course) shall be added together and divided by the total credits of courses taken for the programme to determine the final CGPA which shall be used to classify the degree.

PROBATION AND WITHDRAWAL OF STUDENTS
Undergraduate students whose academic performance measured by the CGPA falls below 1.50 at the end of a year of study shall be placed on probation. During this period, the students are expected to improve their performances by passing all the courses earlier failed as well as new ones registered for.

WITHDRAWAL OF STUDENTS
A student may be advised to withdraw from B.Sc. Physiology programme or the Universitydue to the following reasons:
a. Academic Incompetence due to
i. CGPA below 1.5 at the end of probation.
ii. Non-completion of the programme within the specified maximum period.
However, for good reason and with the approval of Senate, a student can suspend his programme of study for a maximum of one calendar year.
b. Health Reasons
A student certified by the Director of Health Service of the University to be medically unfit shall be asked to withdraw. However, such a student may be re-admitted only after a valid medical report had been received from a medical doctor and certified by the Director of Health Service of the University.

c. In disciplinary Action
A student caught with gross misconduct or examination malpractices or any other offence as determined by the laws and regulations of the University shall be asked to withdraw or expelled from the University.

CATEGORIZATION OF COURSES
Courses are classified as Compulsory, Required and Elective as follows:
Compulsory: A course which a student MUST register for and PASS before graduating.

Required: A course which a student MUST register for but not necessarily pass before graduating.
Elective: A collection of specified courses from which a student may choose to make up the total unit requirement. ONCE REGISTERED, THE STUDENT MUST TAKE THE EXAM BUT NOT NECESSARILY PASS an elective.

COURSE CONTENT FOR THE FOUR-YEAR DEGREE IN PHYSIOLOGY
LIST OF COURSES BY LEVELS
100 LEVEL
FIRST SEMESTER

COURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT
CHM 111 General Chemistry I 3
CHM 113 Organic Chemistry I 3
PHY 111Mechanics, Thermal Physics and Properties of Matter3
PHY 113Vibrations, Waves and Optics 3
BIO 111Diversity of Plants 3
ZOO 111Introductory Zoology 4
GES 111 Use of English I2
GES 112 Philosophy and Logic 2
MTH 111 Elementary Mathematics I2
TOTAL
25

SECOND SEMESTER

COURSE CODE COURSE TITLECREDIT
CHM 122 General Chemistry II 3
CHM 124 Organic Chemistry II 3
PHY 109Practical Physics 2
PHY 124Electronic and Modern Physics 4
BIO 122Plant form and Function3
ZOO 122Functional Zoology 4
GES 121 Use of English II 2
GES 122 Nigerian People and Culture2
GES 123 History and Philosophy of Science2
TOTAL25
TOTAL CREDIT FOR THE YEAR…………………………………………..47

200 LEVEL


FIRST SEMESTER

COURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT
ANT 210 General Anatomy and Gross Anatomy of Upper Limbs 2
ANT 211 Gross Anatomy of Thorax 2
ANT 212 Basic Histology and Cytology 2
ANT 213 General Embryology 2
BCM 210 Introductory Biochemistry 2
BCM 211 Introductory Analytical Techniques 2
PHS 211 Introductory and General Physiology 2
PHS 212 Blood and body fluid Physiology 2
PHS 213 Introduction to Cardiovascular System 2
PHS 214 Respiratory Physiology 2
TOTAL20

SECOND SEMESTER

COURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT
ANT 220 Gross Anatomy of the Abdomen, Pelvis and Perineum2
ANT 221 Gross Anatomy of Lower Limbs 2
ANT 222 Systemic Histology I 3
ANT 223 Systemic Embryology I 3
BCM 220 Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism 3
BCM 221 Amino Acid and protein metabolism 3
BCM 225 Protein chemistry and Enzymology 3
PHS 221 Renal Physiology 2
PHS 222 Gastrointestinal Physiology and Nutrition 2
PHS 223 Endocrinology 3
PHS 224 Reproduction 2
PHS 225 Temperature Regulation 1
TOTAL29
TOTAL CREDIT FOR THE YEAR…………………………………………..49

300 LEVEL


FIRST SEMESTER
COURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT
PHS 311 Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Balance 2
PHS 312 Physiology of the Hypothalamo-hypophyseal System 2
PHS 313 Autonomic and Neurophysiology 3
PHS 314 Cardiovascular Physiology 3
ANT 311 Gross Anatomy of the Head and Neck 3
ANT 314 Neuroanatomy I 2
CED 300 Introduction to Entrepreneurship 2
PBT 315 Biostatistics 2
TOTAL19

SECOND SEMESTER

COURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT
CSC 310 Introduction to Computing3
PHS 321 Animal Experimentation/Design of Experiment/Analytic Method in Physiology 3
PHS 322 Membrane Transport Mechanism 2
PHS 323 Comparative Environmental and Metabolic Physiology 2
PHS 324 Literature Review 1
PHS 325 Seminar Course on Physiological methods and Bioinstrumentation 1
BCM 320 Clinical Biochemistry 3
MMB 321 Introductory Microbiology 1
PCO 320 Introductory Pharmacology 2
TOTAL18
TOTAL CREDIT FOR THE YEAR…………………………………………..37

400 LEVEL


FIRST SEMESTER
COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE CREDIT
PHS 410 Research Methods in Physiology 2
PHS 412 Advanced Cardiovascular Physiology 3
PHS 413 Quantitative Pharmacology3
PHS 414 Neuroscience I 2
PHS 415 Advanced Pulmonary Physiology 3
PHS 416 Exercise Physiology 3
PHS 417 Advanced Renal and Body Fluids 3
TOTAL 19

SECOND SEMESTER

COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE CREDIT
PHS 421 Advanced Endocrinology and Reproduction3
PHS 422 Neuroscience II2
PHS 423 Sensory Physiology2
PHS 424 Seminar 3
PHS 425 Project 6
TOTAL 16
TOTAL CREDIT FOR THE YEAR…………………………………………..35

A SUMMARY OF THE CREDIT LOAD FOR THE B.Sc. PHYSIOLOGY PROGRAMME

LEVEL100200300400TOTAL
CREDITS50493735171

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS


100 LEVEL


Details of 100 Level Course Descriptions are as given at the offering Departments

200 LEVEL


FIRST SEMESTER

BCM 210 INTRODUCTORY BIOCHEMISTRY (2 Credits)
Short history and definition of Biochemistry. Importance of Biochemistry to Medicine and other Scientific Disciplines. The living cell. Organisation and molecular architecture. Types of cell and their characteristics. Structure and organization of biological membranes. Biomolecules and the origin of life. Chemistry of biomolecules. Carbohydrates classification, structure distribution and functional role of named examples. Chemical properties and reactions. Essential fatty acids, Eicosanoids fat-soluble vitamins- structure and functions. Peptide bonds and hierarchy of protein structure. Nucleic acids. RNA and DNA. Structure/function of enzymes. Zymogen active site and specificity of enzymes. Inhibition and Activation of enzymes. Factors affecting enzyme catalyses reaction. Allosteric enzymes. Isoenzymes. The concepts of Aviaminoses, Hypovitaminoses and Antivitamins. Vitamins and their Co-enzyme function. Biomedical importance of vitamins HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Compulsory)

BCM 211 INTRODUCTORY ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES (2 Credits)
Measuring techniques in cell fractionation, Chromatography, Spectrophotometry, Electrophoresis and Calorimetry. Methods of studying the cell. Microscopy, histochemistry and cytochemistry. Autoradiography Vs. Scintillation counting. Molecular hybridization including Paul Doty experiments. Acids and bases. Buffers and buffer systems. Herderson Hasselbach equation. Titration curves of acids and bases. Endpoint indicators. Zwitter ions. Isoelectric pH nucleic acid. HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Compulsory)

ANT 210 GENERAL ANATOMY AND GROSS ANATOMY OF (3 Credits)
THE UPPER LIMBS The general descriptive terminologiesand techniques used in the study of the human body. The normal anatomical position and directional movement of body parts. The gross anatomy of the upper limbs: Pectoral region, Axilla, Brachial plexus, Scapular region, Brachium, Antebrachial fossa and its Anastomosis, Carpal tunnel, Hand, nerve injuries, osteology and joint of the upper limb, the vascular anastomosis and lymphatic drainage of the breast and upper limb.HL 30, HP 45, C3 (Required)

ANT 211 GROSS ANATOMY OF THORAX (2 Credits)
General description of the thorax: The sternum and ribs, thoracic vertebrae, Heart and great vessels, thoracic duct, dissection of the entire thoracic region, Azygos system of vein, intercostals spaces, Mediasternum, lungs bronchiopulmonary tree and segments, thoracic diaphragm, Aorta and respiratory movement. HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Required)

ANT 212 BASIC HISTOLOGY AND CYTOLOGY (2 Credits)
Structure and function of the cell, general histology and basic tissues of the body, the epithelia, connective tissues, muscles, nervous tissue and lymphoid organs. Preparation of tissues for microscopic studies. Methods in Histology. HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Compulsory)

ANT 213 GENERAL EMBRYOLOGY(2 Credits)
General consideration of the male and female reproductive organs. Gametogenesis, fertilization, implantation, cleavage, the morula, the blastocyst formation of the primitive streak, the bilaminar and trilaminar germ disc. Development of tissues and organ systems of the embryo, the chorionic and amniotic cavities, foetal membranes, placental formation and functions. The molecular regulation in differentiation of tissues and organs and in the establishment and patterning of the body axis. Birth defects, chromosomal and genetic factors. Twins and twin defects.General characteristics of the embryonic and fetal periods. HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Required)

PHS 211 INTRODUCTORY AND GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY (2 Credits)
Cell Physiology, Physiochemical principles, Body fluids and Blood transport: Control Systems. Introduction to ANS. Excitable and contractile Cells. HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Compulsory)

PHS 212 BLOOD AND BODY FLUID PHYSIOLOGY (2 Credits)
Introduction and definition of body fluids and body fluid compartments. Regulation of body fluid volumes Physiological variation of body fluid volumes. Techniques for quantifying various body fluid volumes.Blood: Functions of blood and classifications of blood cells. Erythropoiesis. Haematological indices. Haemoglobin genotype and Blood groups. Immunology and cell defence. HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Compulsory)

PHS 213 INTRODUCTION TO CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM (2 Credits)
Definition and functions of the cardiovascular system, Cardiac muscle cardiac myoelectrophysiology, cardiac cycle, Circulation of blood: cardiac output and regulation. Blood pressure. Haemodynamics and microcirculation. Pulmonary, Cerebral, Coronary, Splanchnic and muscle circulation, Shock and cardiovascular changes in exercise. HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Compulsory)

PHS 214 RESPIRATORY PHYSIOLOGY (2 Credits)
Definition and functions of the respiratory system, Physiologic anatomy of the respiratory system. Respiratory dynamics and work. Pulmonary ventilation: Lung volumes and capacities,

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS


100 LEVEL


Details of 100 Level Course Descriptions are as given at the offering Departments

200 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER

BCM 210 INTRODUCTORY BIOCHEMISTRY (2 Credits)
Short history and definition of Biochemistry. Importance of Biochemistry to Medicine and other Scientific Disciplines. The living cell. Organisation and molecular architecture. Types of cell and their characteristics. Structure and organization of biological membranes. Biomolecules and the origin of life. Chemistry of biomolecules. Carbohydrates classification, structure distribution and functional role of named examples. Chemical properties and reactions. Essential fatty acids, Eicosanoids fat-soluble vitamins- structure and functions. Peptide bonds and hierarchy of protein structure. Nucleic acids. RNA and DNA. Structure/function of enzymes. Zymogen active site and specificity of enzymes. Inhibition and Activation of enzymes. Factors affecting enzyme catalyses reaction. Allosteric enzymes. Isoenzymes. The concepts of Aviaminoses, Hypovitaminoses and Antivitamins. Vitamins and their Co-enzyme function. Biomedical importance of vitamins HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Compulsory)

BCM 211 INTRODUCTORY ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES (2 Credits)
Measuring techniques in cell fractionation, Chromatography, Spectrophotometry, Electrophoresis and Calorimetry. Methods of studying the cell. Microscopy, histochemistry and cytochemistry. Autoradiography Vs. Scintillation counting. Molecular hybridization including Paul Doty experiments. Acids and bases. Buffers and buffer systems. Herderson Hasselbach equation. Titration curves of acids and bases. Endpoint indicators. Zwitter ions. Isoelectric pH nucleic acid. HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Compulsory)

ANT 210 GENERAL ANATOMY AND GROSS ANATOMY OF (3 Credits)
THE UPPER LIMBS The general descriptive terminologiesand techniques used in the study of the human body. The normal anatomical position and directional movement of body parts. The gross anatomy of the upper limbs: Pectoral region, Axilla, Brachial plexus, Scapular region, Brachium, Antebrachial fossa and its Anastomosis, Carpal tunnel, Hand, nerve injuries, osteology and joint of the upper limb, the vascular anastomosis and lymphatic drainage of the breast and upper limb.HL 30, HP 45, C3 (Required)

ANT 211 GROSS ANATOMY OF THORAX (2 Credits)
General description of the thorax: The sternum and ribs, thoracic vertebrae, Heart and great vessels, thoracic duct, dissection of the entire thoracic region, Azygos system of vein, intercostals spaces, Mediasternum, lungs bronchiopulmonary tree and segments, thoracic diaphragm, Aorta and respiratory movement. HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Required)

ANT 212 BASIC HISTOLOGY AND CYTOLOGY (2 Credits)
Structure and function of the cell, general histology and basic tissues of the body, the epithelia, connective tissues, muscles, nervous tissue and lymphoid organs. Preparation of tissues for microscopic studies. Methods in Histology. HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Compulsory)

ANT 213 GENERAL EMBRYOLOGY(2 Credits)
General consideration of the male and female reproductive organs. Gametogenesis, fertilization, implantation, cleavage, the morula, the blastocyst formation of the primitive streak, the bilaminar and trilaminar germ disc. Development of tissues and organ systems of the embryo, the chorionic and amniotic cavities, foetal membranes, placental formation and functions. The molecular regulation in differentiation of tissues and organs and in the establishment and patterning of the body axis. Birth defects, chromosomal and genetic factors. Twins and twin defects.General characteristics of the embryonic and fetal periods. HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Required)

PHS 211 INTRODUCTORY AND GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY (2 Credits)
Cell Physiology, Physiochemical principles, Body fluids and Blood transport: Control Systems. Introduction to ANS. Excitable and contractile Cells. HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Compulsory)

PHS 212 BLOOD AND BODY FLUID PHYSIOLOGY (2 Credits)
Introduction and definition of body fluids and body fluid compartments. Regulation of body fluid volumes Physiological variation of body fluid volumes. Techniques for quantifying various body fluid volumes.Blood: Functions of blood and classifications of blood cells. Erythropoiesis. Haematological indices. Haemoglobin genotype and Blood groups. Immunology and cell defence. HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Compulsory)

PHS 213 INTRODUCTION TO CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM (2 Credits)
Definition and functions of the cardiovascular system, Cardiac muscle cardiac myoelectrophysiology, cardiac cycle, Circulation of blood: cardiac output and regulation. Blood pressure. Haemodynamics and microcirculation. Pulmonary, Cerebral, Coronary, Splanchnic and muscle circulation, Shock and cardiovascular changes in exercise. HL 15, HP 45, C2 (Compulsory)

PHS 214 RESPIRATORY PHYSIOLOGY (2 Credits)
Definition and functions of the respiratory system, Physiologic anatomy of the respiratory system. Respiratory dynamics and work. Pulmonary ventilation: Lung volumes and capacities,

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